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Expert Answer 100% (2 ratings) Introduction. In another mall vial s cooled in ice( ), carefully add 0.5 mL (1/2 pipette) of concentrated sulfuric acid and 0.5mL (1/2 pipette) of concentrated nitric acid. The computation for the output obtained by the synthesis is provided below ( 3 ) : 0. a Weigh 2.0 g of methyl benzoate into a dry 50 cm 3 conical flask. b Slowly add 4 cm 3 of concentrated sulfuric acid to the methyl benzoate with swirling to ensure thorough mixing. theoretical yield of methyl benzoate expected using the following conditions: 6.1 g of benzoic acid and 20 mL of methanol, and 2 mL of concentrated sulfuric acid. The purity of the benzoate will then be determined using infrared spectroscopy. ɪ k / is a white (or colorless) solid with the formula C 6 H 5 CO 2 H. It is the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid.The name is derived from gum benzoin, which was for a long time its only source.Benzoic acid occurs naturally in many plants and serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of many secondary metabolites. Preparation of Methyl Benzoate. 2. 2 Read your lecture textbook for detailed information about the requirements and mechanism for Grignard reagent formation and reactions. As a result of the Fischer esterification process, 0.344 g of methyl benzoate was recovered for the final product. The calculation for the yield obtained by the synthesis is provided below (3): 0.344g % Yield = % Yield = DISCUSSION The synthesizing of methyl benzoate from benzoic acid and methanol was a successful endeavor. To learn the reaction mechanism involved in esterification . The calculation for the yield obtained by the synthesis is provided below (3): 0.344g % Yield = % Yield = DISCUSSION. Shake the funnel to extract methyl benzoate and benzoic acid into the dichloromethane layer (bottom); vent the funnel often. The purity of the benzoate will then be determined using infrared spectroscopy. a Weigh 2.0 g of methyl benzoate into a dry 50 cm 3 conical flask. Cool this mixture in an ice bath for approximately 10 minutes; then add 0.6 ml of concentrated sulfuric acid. As a consequence of the Fischer esterification procedure. 4. As a result of the Fischer esterification process, 0.344 g of methyl benzoate was recovered for the final product. Concentrated sulfuric acid is added as a catalyst in the esterification procedure, even though another acid (benzoic acid) is … The two substituents are in a meta position with respect to each other, giving the alternative name of m-nitrobenzoic acid.This compound can be useful as it is a precursor to 3-aminobenzoic acid, which is used to prepare some dyes. The purpose of this experiment is to convert benzoic acid to methyl benzoate via an acid catalyzed reaction with methanol. The reaction will be prepared by Fischer esterification, which involves the reaction reaching equilibrium after refluxing for a few hours. 3. Cool this mixture by partially immersing the flask in an ice-water bath. Rinse the flask with 40 mL of dichloromethane, and add the rinsing to the separatory funnel. Add this acidic mixture dropwise to the large reaction tube. Then the solution is cooled and acidified with HCl. 3-Nitrobenzoic acid is an organic compound with the formula C 6 H 4 (NO 2)CO 2 H. It is an aromatic compound and under standard conditions, it is an off-white solid. Remove the organic and aqueous layers and wash the organic layer with a … Preparation of methyl 3-nitrobenzoate. To produce methyl benzoate by esterification . Calculations a. percent yield based on amount of benzoic acid with which you started b. percent yield based on amount of benzoic acid consumed c. Calculate the equilibrium constant. Stir after each drop. Methyl benzoate (MB) is an important intermediate for preparation of dyes, perfumes, agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals .Conventionally, it was synthesized through the esterfication of benzoic acid with methanol when sulfuric acid was used as catalysts , which suffered from the drawbacks such as corrosion, pollution and separation problems.

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