The first large group of African slaves… Fuente, Alejandro de la. After 1763, the scale and urgency of defense projects led the state to deploy many of its enslaved workers in ways that were to anticipate the intense work regimes on sugar plantations in the nineteenth century. King Ferdinand of Spain authorizes a ship of 50 African slaves to be sent to Santo Domingo in the Caribbean. In Western Europe and the Americas, abolitionism was a historic movement that sought to end the Atlantic slave trade and set slaves free. He later argued that enslavement of both indigenous and Africans was wrong, violating their human rights. Slave trafficking was abolished in 1836 by the Portuguese authorities. High death rates, an enormous number of … [ citation needed ]. Slave-trading African states accepted a variety of European goods, including firearms, horses, and other desirable goods in exchange for slaves. Many historians have concluded that Renaissance and early-modern Spain had the highest amount of African slaves in Europe. King Philip II outlaws the uses of Native American slaves in every Spanish colony. Love, Edgar F. "Negro Resistance to Spanish Rule in Colonial Mexico," Journal of Negro History 52, no. The governor of Cuba, Diego Velázquez permits slave-raiding expeditions in Central America. The New Laws, also known as the New Laws of the Indies for the Good Treatment and Preservation of the Indians, were issued on November 20, 1542, by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and regard the Spanish colonization of the Americas. . He wrote "In the first years these black overseers were so absolute in their maltreatment of the Indians, over-loading them, sending them far from their land and giving them many other tasks that many Indians died because of them and at their hands, which is the worst feature of the situation." Conquered Muslims were enslaved with the justification conversion and acculturation, but Muslim captives were often offered back to their families and communities for cash payments (rescate). It is the first significant uprising of African slaves in the New World. Slavery in the British and French Caribbean refers to slavery in the parts of the Caribbean dominated by France or the British Empire. "He Outfitted His Family in Notable Decency: Slavery, Honour, and Dress in Eighteenth-Century Lima, Peru,".  Spanish slave owners justified their wealth and status earned at the work of the mines at the expense of captive workers by considering them inferior beings with limited capacities and holding them as personal property (chattel slavery), often under barbarous conditions. A Spanish merchant named Juan de la Barrera begins transporting African slaves directly from Africa to the New world, whereas before slaves would stop in Europe before embarking to the New World. Initially he sought to protect the indigenous from enslavement by advocating and participating in the African slavetrade. When Spain first enslaved Native Americans on Hispaniola, and then replaced them with captive Africans, it established unfree labor as the basis for colonial mass-production. "Slaves and the Creation of Legal Rights in Cuba: Coartación and Papel", Geggus, David Patrick. Since the beginning of the 18th century, Spanish Florida attracted numerous African slaves who escaped from British slavery in the Thirteen Colonies. The Spanish outlawed its own slave trade of Africans.  The implementation of the New Laws and liberation of tens of thousands of Native Americas led to a number of rebellions and conspiracies by "Encomenderos" (Encomienda holders) which had to be put down by the Spanish Crown.
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