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... July 3, 2019, 11:06 PM UTC. Earlier in the month, Dorian slammed the Bahamas with Category 5 winds. West Virginia's mean maximum temperature for September was 7.9 degrees F (4.4 degrees C) above normal, its hottest on record. The fall fire season started earlier than usual, with several areas enacting burn bans. Over half (2,470 of 4,732) of these reports were observed during April, May, and June. In northeastern Montana, Glasgow recorded 17.71 in (449 mm) for the year, 151% of normal and the 6th wettest on record. The following day, on October 2, maximum temperatures approached 100 degrees F (38 degrees C) in some locations, with ten major climate sites having their hottest October day on record. Moderate drought (D1) conditions covered about 3 percent of the region from the coastal South Carolina through small sections of Georgia and a small part of southeastern Alabama. During December, conditions continued to improve for most areas; however, a small area of abnormal dryness lingered in eastern Maryland and southern Delaware through month's end. For instance, West Virginia had a statewide burn ban in effect from mid-September through early October. The strongest tornado was rated EF-2 with winds of 120 mph (54 m/s) and occurred in Polk County, FL. The record crest was 4.91 feet (1.50 m) after Hurricane Irene on August 29, 2011. There were 338 reports of hail for the year, which is about 69 percent of the median annual frequency of 492 reports during 2000-2018. Four of the last six years across Alaska have been record warm for the state. Roughly 5% of the state was experiencing drought conditions at the beginning of 2019, increasing to approximately 18% by the end of the year. Abnormal dryness was introduced by mid-April in western New York and central West Virginia due to below-normal precipitation and low streamflow. The Easy Fire, also located in southern California, consumed more than 1,800 acres by the beginning of November. It should be noted that while temperatures are running 23 degrees above normal in Deadhorse, the average March temperature there is 13 below zero — so the weather is by no means warm. Kentucky was 1.6 degrees F (0.9 C) above normal, ranked 9th warmest, and Ohio was 1.2 degrees F (0.7 C) above normal, ranked 12. Much-below-normal temperatures were in place through a large part of the spring, with temperatures moderating over the summer. Hilo, Big Island, reported its second highest temperature on record (76.0 F/24.4 C, 2.1 F/1.2 C above normal, records began in 1949). The 2019 wildfire season was less active than normal in terms of both large incidents and acres burned, and much less severe than in recent years. Typically, solid sea ice forms as a barrier protecting coastal communities from monster storms with wicked winds and waves. In contrast, the wettest locations were found across northwestern Alabama, western Florida, northern Georgia, western North Carolina, and western Virginia. Jeff Berardelli is CBS News' meteorologist and climate specialist. Pine trees in Alabama were dying from beetle damage due to the drought conditions, as well. Tropical Storm Olga formed on October 25th in the Gulf of Mexico. By the end of the month, drought conditions were gone from Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama. Pennsylvania's spring tornado count was 30, which was six times greater than the spring average and double the state's annual average. These large and dangerous fires were fanned by powerful winds, with some gusts topping 100 mph in the Sierra Nevada range. This was the first of three straight weeks with extreme drought (D3) in the state. Seattle, Washington reported its 7th highest (in a 75-year record) annual temperature at 54.1 F (12.3 C), 1.5 F (0.8 C) above normal. Alaskan heat wave sees record-level temperature on Independence Day - CNN. Dorian's 185-mph landfalling wind speed in the Bahamas ties with the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 as the strongest landfalling Atlantic hurricane on record. This tornado damaged around 50 homes and lifted a camper onto a residence. The January 22 U.S. Drought Monitor showed the Northeast was free of drought and abnormal dryness for the first time since June 6, 2017. A plume of moisture from Tropical Storm Olga moved northward from the Gulf into southern Alabama. In central New York, icy road conditions contributed to a crash involving at least 10 vehicles on Interstate 81 and caused a section of Interstate 86 to be closed. A mere six hours after being named, Olga merged with a cold front and became post-tropical with maximum sustained winds near 50 mph (22 m/s). According to the Aberdeen National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office, only 1 percent of tornadoes in the Northern Hemisphere are anticyclonic (rotating in a clockwise direction). Drought conditions peaked in mid-October, with the U.S. Drought Monitor released on October 17 showing 12 percent of the region in a moderate or severe drought and 39 percent of the region as abnormally dry. Updated on: March 28, 2019 / 8:08 PM For instance, preliminary data shows Seneca Creek at Dawsonville, Maryland, rose more than five feet (1.5 m) in an hour. As of October 15, the salt line on the Delaware River was 11 miles farther upstream than usual for October due to little rain and less runoff flowing downstream. Only Delaware and Maryland were drier than normal with 95 percent of normal and 98 percent of normal precipitation, respectively. Further east in Montana, Miles City logged its 7th lowest annual temperature since records began in 1937 at 43.3 F (6.3 C), 2.7 F (1.5 C) below normal. The U.S. Drought Monitor released on November 27 showed 2 percent of the region as abnormally dry. In the past 50 years, the city of Barrow on the northern tip of Alaska has seen an 11-degree spike in its average yearly temperature. There were several impacts from the drought in September and October. Precipitation received across the Panhandle during October helped to eliminate the severe and extreme drought which had been in place for much of the year. Temperatures were within 2.0 degrees F (1.1 degrees C) of normal elsewhere in the region. Nome reported its 3rd wettest year since records began in 1900 with 26.69 in (678 mm), 159% of normal. Ice loss can be devastating during the stormy fall, winter and springs months. The following locations had notable temperature records during 2019: North Platte, Nebraska: Lowest March temperature on record at -25.0 degrees F (-31.7 degrees C), March 4 (period of record 1874-2020), John Martin Dam, Colorado: Highest all-time temperature for the state of Colorado at 115.0 degrees F (46.1 degrees C), July 20 (period of record 1941-2020), Pueblo, Colorado: Highest September temperature on record at 102.0 degrees F (38.9 degrees C), September 2 and 5 (period of record 1888-2020), Denver, Colorado: Latest 100.0 degrees F (37.8 degrees C) day on record, September 2 (period of record 1872-2020), Casper, Wyoming: Lowest October temperature on record at -9.0 degrees F (-22.8 degrees C), October 29 and 30 (period of record 1939-2020), Daniel Fish Hatchery, Wyoming: Lowest October temperature on record for the state of Wyoming at -34.0 degrees F (-36.7 degrees C), October 30 (period of record 1989-2020). Flooding from the storm washed out many roads, and several people on Ocracoke Island were trapped by flooding from the 4 to 7 foot storm surge, requiring rescue by boats and being airlifted off the island. Beckley had its warmest September on record, while Elkins had its highest average maximum temperature for September. In fact, Lake Erie experienced five consecutive months with record-high monthly water levels from May through September 2019, with June setting the record for all-time highest monthly mean water level. Extreme rainfall led to significant flash flooding in portions of Maryland, West Virginia, and Virginia on July 8. Plains snowpack, however, was quite high during the 2018-19 snow season, with many locations ranking in the top 10 snowiest seasons on record. Several CoCoRaHS stations in the area measured even higher amounts including, MCLEAN 2.3 SE at 6.94 inches (176 mm), and VIENNA 0.8 S at 5.19 inches (132 mm). Wisconsin and Minnesota had record wet falls (1895-2019) while Michigan ranked 2nd and Iowa 6th wettest. Little change was observed in Puerto Rico as well, with severe drought (D2) covering the southern area, ringed by moderate drought (D1) and dry conditions (D0). On July 22nd, strong winds knocked down a tree during a training exercise at Fort Pickett, VA, killing one soldier and injuring two others. A few miles downstream, preliminary data indicated the North Branch of the Potomac River at Steyer, West Virginia, rose nearly 8 feet (2.4 m) in two hours and reached major flood stage. Many of the storms were weak, short-lived, and higher-latitude than normal: Only eight of the 18 storms lasted more than 72 hours, and seven of them lasted 24 hours or less. 2011 and 2018 rank as highest and 3rd highest, respectively. Virginia reported 19 tornadoes, making it the most active tornado day in Virginia in over 14 years. During the month, abnormal dryness was introduced in Maryland and lingered or expanded elsewhere, with the U.S. Drought Monitor released on August 29 showing 14 percent of the Northeast as abnormally dry. #akwx #Arctic @Climatologist49 @IARC_Alaska pic.twitter.com/VucrVBvJT5. By the end of August, severe drought (D2) still covered small areas in Alabama and South Carolina that did not experience localized thunderstorms that are common during the summer. Alaska's heat wave continued through Independence Day, and in Anchorage, the temperatures shattered an all-time record. Florida observed its warmest May on record, North Carolina and Georgia observed their second warmest May on record, Virginia observed its third warmest May on record, and the Southeast as a whole, observed its second warmest May on record. With the growing drought wildfire concerns increased. Damage to water treatment facilities left several Montana communities without clean drinking water for several weeks. June, July, and August were all near average temperature-wise for the Southeast. Dorian became a category 5 storm on September 1st, with maximum sustained winds of 185 mph (83 m/s), making landfall in Elbow Cay, Bahamas. 2019 was a top-5 year across the contiguous U.S. with over 1,500 tornadoes reported. Below-average precipitation fell across the state of Washington, which had its ninth driest year on record. Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina each ranked warmest on record with eleven additional states' minimum temperatures ranking among their warmest 10 years on record. A total of 234 tornadoes were confirmed across the Southeast for the year, which is 170 percent of the average value of 145 from 2000-2018. Several rounds of rain from mid- to late October allowed conditions to improve so that by month's end the Northeast was once again free of drought.

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